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Real effective exchange rate volatility and its impact on selected macroeconomic performance Indicators in Kenya

Show simple item record WANYAMA, Silvester Mackton 2019-01-16T11:11:10Z 2019-01-16T11:11:10Z 2018
dc.description.abstract ABSTRACT A country’s extent of real effective exchange rate (REER) volatility serves as a measure of its international competitiveness. Kenya has often witnessed fluctuations in foreign exchange market. Kenya’s economic growth during the last three decades has far been below its potential; the country has continuously experienced fluctuations in terms of attracting foreign direct investment; and the deficits in the current account balances have been a common phenomenon. Some scholars have attributed this trend to the volatility of the Kenyan shilling. Previous literatures on this issue have generated mixed results on the relationship between Kenya’s real effective exchange rate (REER) volatility and selected macro-economic performance indicators, and as such this study sought to resolve this controversy. This study investigated and mapped out the profile of Kenya’s REER volatility for the period 1972 to 2015 and interrogated its impact on three Kenyan macroeconomic indicators, viz; real GDP growth rate, foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows and current account balances (CAB) to fill the gap. The study was guided by Mundell-Fleming-Dornbusch model to measure REER volatility; IS-LM-BoP model to examine the impact of REER volatility on economic growth rate; the risk aversion theory to explain the link between REER volatility and FDI and the elasticity approach to assess the relationship between REER volatility and CAB. The study employed GARCH technique to measure REER volatility and Vector Autoregressive (VAR) model to examine the impact of REER on selected macro-economic variables. The study adopted Quantitative Research Design. It relied on secondary data sourced from World Bank and International Monetary Fund. Unit root tests reported stationarity when variables were first differenced, while Cointegration test results based on Johansen’s maximum-likelihood procedure indicated that there is no evidence of cointegration among variables under consideration. The results of GARCH revealed that REER was indeed volatile (t-statistic 32.90 > 1.96). The results of multivariate VAR model analysis indicated that REER (-1) volatility recorded a positive and significant impact on GDP growth rate (β = 0.941227 and t-statistic = 11.7715 > 1.96). However, REER(-2) had a negative and insignificant impact on GDP growth rate. Both REER(-1) and REER (-2) had a positive and insignificant effect on foreign direct investment inflows in Kenya. In the case of CAB, REER(-1) impacted positively and insignificantly on CAB, while REER(-2) had a negative and insignificant effect on CAB for the sampled period. Findings of this study will help in the formulation of fiscal and monetary policies to address macro-economic shocks associated with REER volatility in the Kenyan economy. In light of these results, there is need to apply appropriate macroeconomic policy mix in the short run to mitigate the cyclical and short-term shocks that arise from REER volatility and correct the country’s unsustainable external imbalances in the long run. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Maseno University en_US
dc.title Real effective exchange rate volatility and its impact on selected macroeconomic performance Indicators in Kenya en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US

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